The glass decanter is a functional container that allows wine to breathe fully, volatilize its fragrance, stretch its body and remove impurities in wine. The appearance of glass decanter is probably as long as the history of wine. But in the beginning, its function was not so much "waking up" as "filling the wine". The main purpose is to fill the wine from large pots or barrels to small containers for easy pouring into the glass. At that time, sobering utensils were mainly made of leather and pottery. Later, more advanced copper, silver and even gold wine-holding utensils appeared.
By the 16th century, the Romans invented glass, but it was not until the 17th century that glass products began to be used in daily necessities. During the Italian Renaissance, Venice introduced glass-making techniques, and they blew wine vessels with slender necks and large bellies. This is the prototype of the earliest glass sobering device. By the 18th century, the use of glass bottles of wine, and in the form of storage and sales of wine in the original bottle gradually spread.
However, it was found that after a period of wine aging in the original bottle, the poured wine precipitated a lot, affecting the taste, so before drinking, the wine was poured into a transparent container to separate the residue. And people also found that the wine poured into the container was better than the wine poured out directly from the original bottle, so the modern sense of the sobering device really appeared.
At that time, glass and lead-containing crystals became the most widely used materials for making sobering devices. With the development of glass manufacturing technology. The sobering utensils are becoming more and more exquisite. The exquisite family carved flowers and added color on the sobering apparatus, which made the wine more attractive when it was in it. The sobering device became an exquisite article to beautify the home in Europe at that time. In some aristocratic families, it is even stipulated that alcohol can only be poured into the glass through the sobering device.
In the 18th century, European aristocrats and elites regarded restaurants as important social places and often held banquets in their own restaurants to entertain guests. Luxurious, exquisite, etiquette-rich restaurant culture has become an important symbol of this class of life. Since then, the sobering device has assumed a function of restaurant etiquette. The nobles thought that the bottles and labels were not exquisite and could not reach the hall of elegance, so the original bottles were not allowed to appear in the restaurants with exquisite decorations. Always pour the wine into the crystal soberer, and then the soberer into the guest's cup.
But during the two wars in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the pace of life became faster because of lack of materials. The use of sobering devices has been greatly reduced. The army even stipulated that no sobering device was allowed to pour alcohol. Until the mid-20th century, after the war, Europe and the United States entered a luxury era of paper drunkenness. According to the standard of table etiquette in the upper class, it is considered impolite for a waiter to pour wine directly from a bottle without a sobering device.
In modern times, the use of sobering devices has been strengthened, social functions have been weakened, and it has been found that not all drinks need to be sobered. Only with some grand structure and complexity, it is necessary to wake up the wine with strong aging potential. Some of them are simple in structure. Fresh and new types of liquor can only make the liquor body loose and the fragrance weakened through the sobering device.
So, how to use the glass decanter?
Awakening mouth: Pay attention to the radian. When the liquor is poured into the wake-up device, the liquor can easily form a swirl on the wall of the wake-up device to increase the area of liquor contacting the air. If there is no radian, the liquor is poured into the wake-up device, which is easy to linear DC down the wake-up device, and has less contact with the air.
The longer the neck is, the wider the neck is, and the longer the air contact is.
Bottle belly size of sobering device: The bigger the belly is, the greater the contact between the bottle belly and the sobering device is. The sobering effect is strong.
Type 1 Selection
The function principle of the glass decanter is to determine the effect of sobering by the size of the contact area between liquor and air and the length of the contact time between liquor and air. The larger the contact area with air, the longer the contact time, the better the sobering effect. Therefore, according to this principle, no matter how the shape changes, we need to pay attention to several aspects of the device when purchasing a sobering machine. They are the key to determine the contact area between liquor and air:
_Several classical sobering devices with strong sobering power
A sobering device suitable for soft sobering
2 sobering techniques
If the wine is very young and needs to wake up quickly, it's better to use a wide-mouth, big-bellied sobering device. When pouring liquor, the speed should not be too slow. The more the liquor is poured at the edge of the neck, the easier the liquor will flow through the bottleneck and belly arc. The angle of the hand-held sobering device should not be too horizontal, it will slow down the speed left behind, and it is difficult to form a whirlpool.
If the wine is not too old to contact with the air, and there is more precipitation in the wine, it is better to use a small mouth, belly sobering device. When pouring wine, it is best to pour it into the neck as far as possible, so that the liquor can be poured into the sober in a straight line. In addition, pour wine slowly, try not to pour wine too fast, and bring out the dregs. In addition, if you want to ensure the isolation of wine residue, you can also use filter paper or filter mesh.